Elpidio Quirino

"While I recognise the United States as a great builder in this country, I have never surrendered the sovereignty, much less the dignity and future of our country."

Elpidio Quirino was sworn in as the country's president on April 17, 1948. He completed the unfinished term of President Manuel Roxas. As a Liberal party candidate, he was elected president on November 9, 1949. Quirino was born of Spanish ancestry to Mariano Quirino and Gregoria Rivera in Vigan, Ilocos Sur.

The Quirino presidency continued the policies of Roxas and made efforts to restore the people's confidence in the government. He restored the "Fireside Chats", in which he gave weekly broadcasts at Malacañang informing the people of his administration's activities. Despite the post-war reconstruction, general economic gains and increased economic aid from America, his administration was riddled with graft and corruption. His enemies tried to impeach him.

He was famous for his socio-economic reforms such as the Minimum Wage Law and the institutionalization of the Central Bank but failed to suppress the Huk menace which was one of the reasons of his defeat to Ramon Magsaysay in the 1953 Presidential Election. He was married to Alicia Syquia who was massacred together with three of his four children during the war. President Elpidio Quirino died of a heart attack on February 28, 1956.
President Elpidio Quirino
Born: November 16, 1890
Died: February 28, 1956
2nd President of the Third Republic of the Philippines
(Term: April 17, 1948- November 10, 1953)
Vice President: Fernando Lopez
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